In NSW all levels of government can acquire privately owned land for public purposes. They may acquire the whole property, part of a property or an interest in the property including easements for power lines, sewer or water.
The acquisition of land is undertaken in accordance with the Land Acquisition (Just Terms Compensation) Act 1991 (the Act). The body acquiring the land is commonly called the acquiring authority.
Most privately owned land, required by government for public purposes, is acquired by negotiation and agreement between the land owner and the acquiring authority. More information on this is provided on land acquisition page.
When a land owner and acquiring authority are unable to negotiate the purchase of the land, an acquiring authority can compulsorily acquire the land for a public purpose.