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Crown Land Reform


The Crown Land Management Act 2016 (CLM Act) commenced on 1 July 2018, introducing a consolidated, modern piece of legislation to govern the management of Crown land in NSW.

The CLM Act introduces significant changes to the management of Crown land by councils. Specifically, Councils will now manage their dedicated or reserved land as if it were public land under the Local Government Act 1993 (LG Act).  Most of this land is expected to be classified as “community land” under the LG Act, meaning that councils will be required to have plans of management in place for the land. The CLM Act provides a transition period of 3 years from commencement for councils to have these plans in place.

There will remain some marked difference for the management of Crown land and the management of ‘public land’ under the LG Act as a result of additional statutory requirements provided by the CLM Act, which will be reflected in guidance provided to councils. This primarily relates to the management of native title responsibilities on Crown reserves.

The CLM Act falls within the portfolio responsibilities of the Minister for for Water, Property and Housing, and is administered by the Department of Planning, Industry & Environment (DPIE) – Crown Lands.

The Office of Local Government (OLG) is working collaboratively with DPIE – Crown Lands to ensure councils are prepared for commencement of the CLM Act.  OLG is leading the development of guidance materials and training programs to support councils through the transition. A council reference group, including Local Government NSW, and representative of the range of local councils has been established to ensure this material meets the needs of councils.

DPIE – Crown Lands continues to be the key contact for councils on broader aspects of the reforms including: native title, the Land Negotiation Program, the Crown Reserves Improvement Fund and Crown Roads



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